Unraid recommended hard drives

In order to help combat physical drive failure, unRAID allows for the inclusion of a parity drive, which is used to contain parity bit information for all of the other data drives. This information can be used to rebuild the data on any drive if it has to be replaced either for an upgrade or because it died.

Fitting the components together is usually straightforward, and requires little prior knowledge or experience. A typical assembly would involve the following steps:. You will first see a command line prompt on the monitor.

You should get an output similar to this:.

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If you are using a Mac, you may initially need to use your server's IP address instead of 'tower'. By default, unRAID creates a share for each disk in the array eg. You can create folders in each of the disk shares, and then a user folder will "aggregate" all of the content from each share into one share with that folder name.

To turn on user shares, go to the Shares menu item. Select an option from the User Shares dropdown. If you want the shares to be read-only, select "Export read-only. You can set passwords for "root" and any other user you define. You can limit specific shares to specific users, and restrict specific users from write permission while granting write permission to others.

This is all configured per share on the Share page.

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All security settings can be changed on the Security page. To delete a user, delete the user's name and password and press Save. Once you Telnet in or use the console on the serveryou can run important Linux commands such as:. Jump to: navigationsearch. Important Warning! This wiki page has not been updated for v6! Some information is out-of-date! Categories : Getting started How To. Personal tools Log in.By spencerApril 14, in General Support.

Hi there I can't seem to get a straight answer on whether unraid support external hard drives in the array, please help. Thanks for the quick response once last quick question. If I bought a multi bay enclosure with only 1 usb 3 port would they all be detected.

Whether or not they would all be detected would be determined by the specific enclosure, but I don't know of any way to know beforehand, you will have to test. Just wanted to keep you guys updated. I bought two external usb 3 enclosures and installed two spare drives a 4tb and 3tb.

Building an unRAID Server

This is good try, rather low cost to add extra bay. Recently I found those USB multibay enclosures price raise a lot. Ya I had no more room to add extra bays, as I already have bay hot swap cages in my antec case. I now have 22 array drives and 2 ssd cache drives, TB currently.

What a big family. What enclosures did you end up with? Sent from my LG-D using Tapatalk. Alright they finished clearing and are now mounted in the array. Couple things I noticed the temp and smart info isn't passing through. That won't really affect anything will it? Since unraid requires flawless reads from ALL devices other than the failed drive to reconstruct said failed drive, you are putting your entire array at risk by not being able to monitor the condition of those drives.

If the drives in the usb enclosures encounter a read or write error will unread still be able to red ball it. That's not an issue. So it's fairly likely that if you do have a problem, it will red ball all the USB drives. Then, without SMART data, it will be difficult to figure out which drive s may or may not actually have an issue.

unraid recommended hard drives

It doesn't disable a disk for read errors. Often if unRAID can't successfully read a disk after several attempts, it will attempt to write the data back to the disk from the parity calculation, and if that write fails it would be disabled. But otherwise read errors won't disable a disk. But since you can't monitor the SMART of the disks, you can't get notifications of impending issues with those disks. You do have Notifications setup don't you?

And as mentioned, all drives must work well for parity to be able to reconstruct a disk. You can have a disk problem that doesn't cause it to be disabled, but could still be a problem when trying to reconstruct another disk.

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Have you considered upsizing some of your disks?By binarDecember 12, in Storage Devices and Controllers. I do not trust hard drives that use Shingled magnetic recording SMR technology to store my data. Lastly, I need to buy 5 hard drives for the Unraid system I am building. Prices for the two are close together. So I would appreciate any opinions relating to which of the two is the most reliable?

Unleash Your Hardware

Thanks in advance for the help. Was there something specific you had seen or experienced that made you technology shy to SMR drives? Note that all current 3. Good luck on this one. I am going to refer you to this blog from Backblaze as they are the only ones who have ever posted up any data on drive failure rates. As you can see from this, the failure rates of all drives are very low.

There are variations between models from the same manufacturer. While I have not analyzed the data that closely for this quarter, it often seems that this model variation may be larger than between manufacturers. Now you also have to realize that Backblaze usage pattern is not exactly like the one of the typical Unraid user but it is the only data that is available in the 'wild' for large numbers of drives.

I believe that their purchase decision is primarily made on pricing. They are looking for the lowest cost per TB!

Freenas vs Unraid vs Openmediavault : Best Nas Software 2019

That could be why there are fewer WDC drives in the recent reports. You would have to read the older quarterly reports to find if this supposition is true. That is also why you don't find any 'Enterprise' class drives in their data. I believe they think as I do that all hard drives have basically the same quality and only difference is the marketing strategy-- pricing vs warranty costs.

I will make a couple of more observations. First, every hard drive manufacturer will have manufacturing lots of drives that have lower quality levels. Therefore, you can protected yourself from buying into one of these lots by not buying a larger quantity of drives at the same time from the same source.

Concealed shipping damage is another issue. We all know that packing practices varying between vendors and even between individual packers at the same vendor and the physical abuse that the package receives varies with each carton, so buying from different sources at different times may be wise.

There are grains of truth in what you wrote. Just think of the forces inside a hard drive, how hard they spin, and how much engineering it takes to write and read the data on the platters. I came from a background in precision optics, which requires incredibly precise tolerances, and was shocked to learn that hard drives are designed in an equally precise tolerance range, yet are made in the millions and sold as a commodity.

I had on one of their enterprise differential SCSI drive lines. That was a dark time persoanally. I have learned there are currently three type of recording technologies which I have listed below:. I called Western Digital again and this time the tech told me he could not disclose which of the three recording technologies their 12TB an 14TB Gold Label server grade hard drives use. So I'm back to square one. Can anyone out there please point me to a website that will clarify for me what recording technologies do 12tb and 14tb hard drives use categorized by Hard Drive Manufacturer.The majority of this tutorial was written for unRAID v4.

Parts have been updated for v6, but much of it assumes a 32 bit system on v4. Parts of this page may be useful for recommendations and advice, but use with care! Unless otherwise specified, all packages and steps are deprecated. Before booting your unRAID system you need to copy a few files to your flash drive. Create a folder named unmenu in the root of your flash drive. When the system has been booted you will be greeted with a prompt similar to.

Check Disk Filesystems

This will present quite a bit of information, however, the only line we are interested in is the one containing. The IP address numbers after inet addr will almost certainly be different, but anything that has If there is nothing after inet addr make sure your network cable is connected, and you have a router or other DHCP server on your network.

If you do not have a DHCP server you need to set your network settings manually. Note your IP address now, you may need it shortly, and skip to the next section, or continue to the next section to set a static IP address. If you wish, the editing can be done on your windows PC instead. If you type this on an array with a configured parity drive it will force a full parity calculation when you reboot.

Then remove the flash drive and open the network configuration file on another computer using Notepad or another text editor you are familiar with. To open the network configuration file with mcedit, at the prompt type. If using PuTTY as your telnet client program on your PC, the function keys and mouse will work in "mcedit" If not using "putty", you can use The Escape key followed by the number 1 through 0 to simulate function keys 1 through You will need to use function key F2 to save your edited file, and F10 to quit the editor.

Replace D: with whatever drive letter the flash drive is mounted as and open the file with a text editor. If you used vi or mcedit to edit the file, after exiting the editor execute. If you edited the file on another computer. Remove the flash drive and re-attach it to the unRAID server and power it back up.

You should get a listing of each SATA controller, its link status, and its speed. The output will look similar to.

unraid recommended hard drives

In this example there are 6 SATA controllers with 5 drives connected at 3. Make sure your output matches your hardware ie if you have 5 drives connected, make sure you see 5 drives here and the link speeds are correct. Now that you have verified your UnRAID server can see the network and its hard drives are connected correctly it's time to log into the web interface and continue setup.Please use this page with caution!

It was updated much more in the days of v4 and v5, has seen little updating since the advent of v6. That means many hardware recommendations may be obsolete. The following list is compiled by the unRAID user community. While it is mostly accurate, it is not definitively so, as it cannot be guaranteed that users have the time, expertise or diligence to test and report back all aspects.

It is recommended that if you are using this list, you do so in conjunction with heavy use of the forum. The syslog s will provide some evidence of good functionality, and running the parity checks will establish good habits going forward. Those looking to make purchase decisions will have more to go on than a casual statement of "it works perfect.

The boards listed here have been added by users like you. They very likely have not tested all features of the board, so it is possible that a board listed here as compatible, will not prove compatible with your hardware. As negative reports come in, they will be added to this list. The motherboard is probably the biggest and most important decision that you will make. There are 3 ways to go:. Here are some additional thoughts on the 4 classes of motherboards, from well-tested to untested.

It is recommended that you sort on 'Date Added', in order to locate current motherboards, those most recently added. Many boards listed below are now obsolete and discontinued. Those without dates should be considered very old. Sort by clicking twice on the little box with 2 triangles, at the bottom of the 'Date Added' column header. Note to editors: if possible add virtualization info eg. Perhaps in future we should add another column for it.

Please use this section with great caution! It was updated only in the days of v4 and v5, has seen almost no updating since the advent of v6.

unraid recommended hard drives

That means most motherboards here may be obsolete, impossible to find, and are probably insufficient any way for a v6 system with Dockers and virtualization. OK, so maybe your motherboard is not included on the list above, which is likely if your motherboard is relatively new. The following is an attempt at a guide to help you determine if your motherboard is compatible with unRAID or not, and what potential problems you should be aware of:.However, it is also used to store vital system configuration data and must remain installed in your server during operation.

If you have any questions about a USB drive, please ask our helpful community. Get the details on hardware compatibility with Unraid. To run a wide gamut of applications your system should consist of at least a quad-core CPU 2.

Each of the three types of VMs you can create using Unraid OS 6, have slightly different requirements for virtualization support. For more information, see our VM documentation. Product Pricing Community Blog. Sign In. Download Trial. We take a hardware-agnostic approach to network-attached storage. Boot on nearly any x86 bit capable system and manage an array of disks that vary in size, speed, brand, and protocol.

Scale on-demand. Add more disks without the need to rebalance data. Unraid lets you get more value out of your hardware by running more applications with less hassle. Use any Linux or Windows-based x86 apps.

Place apps in isolated run-time environments to prevent conflicts. Easily control apps through our web interface. Unraid runs as a virtualization host, leveraging a hypervisor to partition resources to virtualized guests in a secure and isolated manner. VMs can be assigned a wider array of resources than Docker containers but still offer isolated access. Video producers, streamers with extensive video libraries, media editors, photographers, musicians, and music collectors use Unraid to reduce their initial cost.

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Start with as few as two drives and scale using one or more drives at a time.Although the unRAID system is not designed for high-performance requirements, like database servers and high demand media servers, there is no reason we cannot try to achieve the maximum possible performance with the money and hardware we have invested into it.

Here are a number of collected ideas to help improve your performance. Of course, these assume that you have your unRAID system running correctly. If you have a bad drive or cable, or incompatible hardware, or mis-configured CMOS settings, no amount of tips are going to help. Checking the User Benchmarks tables may be helpful, for comparing your system with others.

Add a Cache drive with the Plus or Pro license only to your User Shares for a major improvement in write speed. The Cache drive improves performance by postponing the parity processing, so writes to it are at full speed. The files are later moved to the parity-protected data drives during off-hours. A side effect of this is that file fragmentation is also reduced, if there is simultaneous streaming from the User Shares.

Although the simultaneous writes produce fragmented files, the transfers later to their permanent locations on the parity protected drives are done one file at a time, which should normally create files without fragmentation. The cache drive is described in the release notes here. For best write speed, move it to the fastest unshared connection. There is some evidence that you can improve parity check performance, reducing the impact of having several drives on the PCI bus, by alternating the disk slots across the various controllers.

Assigning drives in a round robin style parity on controller1, disk1 on controller2, disk2 on controller3, disk4 on controller1, etc. Your largest drives will most likely store the majority of your data, and therefore will be read more often when you retrieve that data. If you must have drives on the PCI bus, realize that they will be slower, and organize your data accordingly.

Consider this as you are building your unRAID server and position your drives and cables to optimize performance. If you have already built your unRAID server and populated it with data, you can still rearrange your drives and cables to optimize performance without ever losing parity protection. Here's how:. For a complementary guide to the same process, see the FAQ: What is the safe way to rearrange disk numbers, assignments, slots, etc?

A tweezer or needle-nose is usually necessary to remove it. The improvement here is usually very modest. You may not be able to see the improvement since there are other bottlenecks, and SATA at 1. Who needs unnecessary handicaps? The fastest drives are now approaching the limits of SATA speeds. Note: The following pair of lines are just an example. Using the example above, change If necessary, change tower to your unRAID server's name, and change And note that the first line has 1 right-angle greater than symbolthe second line has 2.

Append this pair of lines to either the end of your go file or somewhere in the middle. Note: the following tip is no longer needed as of unRAID v4. See this post for more information. If you would like to use another value, such asor are still using an older version of unRAID, read and implement the following tip. See also this post. It mentions the need to loop through the drives, but see the command as given below, which does the same thing, in one line.

For an often large improvement in read performance, add the following line towards the end of your go script:. Why the sleep 30? You need to add a sleep command to ensure the array has been started by the emhttp program. It waits for 30 seconds before setting the read-ahead buffer. In recent versions of unRAID, it is necessary to set the read-ahead for each device.

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